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Ultima década

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2236

Resumen

DONOVAN, Patrick; ONATE, Ximena; BRAVO, Gonzalo  y  RIVERA, M. Teresa. Niñez y Juventud en Situación de Riesgo: La Gestión Social del Riesgo. Una revisión bibliográfica. Ultima décad. [online]. 2008, vol.16, n.28, pp.51-78. ISSN 0718-2236.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22362008000100004.

This article observes the way in which great contemporary transformations (economic, political and cultural) have an impact in the daily life of family, childhood and youth. Toward the problematic area, the literature of social sciences around the concept of management of social risk is explored, more specifically in the scope of childhood and youth in a difficult situation. In fact, the theory of the risk has nowadays become a great preoccupation, perhaps exaggerated and politically interested. This documentary observation predominantly collects and resists of materials of the United Kingdom, Latin America and Chile. Part of an historical revision of the risk concept identifies a series of theoretical schemes to approach it, and soon it is centered in the debate of management of the risk in relation to childhood in a difficult situation. It is observed that there is still lack of a model for social intervention of risk. Nevertheless, a continuation between two great tendencies is identified: one that is centered in control and looks to avoid the risk, whereas the other emphasizes the participation and the empowerment, taking positive risks. Questions for future investigations in this scope are included.

Palabras clave : Social intervention; Risk; A model for Social Intervention.

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