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vol.36 issue1PALEOPATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF HUMAN BONES FROM PUESTO PESCADOR 1 SITE (TIERRA DEL FUEGO)INTERSECTORIAL RELATIONS IN MAGALLANES IN SEARCH OF ITS ECONOMIC STRUCTURE author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

L'HEUREUX, G. LORENA. THE ARCHAEOFAUNAL RECORD OF THE PALI AIKE LAVA FIELD: THE OREJAS DE BURRO 1 SITE, SANTA CRUZ PROVINCE, ARGENTINA. Magallania [online]. 2008, vol.36, n.1, pp.65-78. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442008000100006.

The aim of this paper is to present the results of the archaeofaunal analysis carried out on bone materials recovered at the Orejas de Burro archaeological site (OB1), in the Pali Aike lava field (“CVPA”), Santa Cruz, Argentina. Two independently excavated sectors were considered, one corresponding to a burial area located at the bottom of the cave, and the other one corresponding to a test pit placed next to the burial area. Chronologically, two assemblages were identified, the first one corresponding to the early Late Holocene (ca. 3.500 14C years BP), and the second one to the later Late Holocene (ca. 1.700-500 años 14C AP). The obtained results show statistically significant differences in the manifestation of taphonomic variables and in the frequency and diversity of faunal species both, spatially and temporally. In particular, a more intensive use of the cave at around 3.500 14C years BP is inferred, coincidental with a higher representativeness of coastal taxa like mollusk and sea/coastal birds. Such species may have been exploited during logistic movements to the Magellan strait carried out by hunter gatherers from the inland.

Keywords : archaeofaunal record; hunter-gatherer; Pali Aike; Late Holocene.

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