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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2244

Resumen

JARA F, Mauricio  y  MANCILLA G, Pablo. A first aproach to chilean scientific vision of Tierra del Fuego, Austral island and Antarctica, 1892-1906. Magallania [online]. 2014, vol.42, n.2, pp.61-79. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442014000200004.

After the end of the independence process, different Chilean governments were concerned with the promotion for knowledge searching in the national territories and maritime areas, an interest that was reinforced over time by the systematic work carried out by science men and the Chilean navy personnel. The configuration of a first chilean scientific vision of Tierra del Fuego, the Austral Islands and Antarctica is demonstrated through the publication and edition of scientific journals and bulletins, books, press articles and the publication of conferences, as well as an extensive exchange of journals with foreign institutions during the period 1892-1906. In this article, this process is analyzed from a historical perspective, examining which were the first Chilean researchers and institutions, and the context in which they participated in these activities that gave the initial impulse to the Chilean Antarctic policy during the XXth century. The materials used are provided by printed sources, diaries and general and specialized works available in Chilean and Argentinean archives.

Palabras clave : Tierra del Fuego; Austral Islands; Antarctica; Chilean science; Chilean Antarctic policy.

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