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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2244

Resumen

BARBERENA, Ramiro et al. Archaeological perspectives for northern Patagonia: Cueva Huenul 1 Site (Neuquén Province, Argentina). Magallania [online]. 2015, vol.43, n.1, pp.137-163. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442015000100009.

Northern Neuquén Province (Pehuenches Dept., Argentina) is barely known from an archaeological perspective, though it is centrally placed in terms of several large-scale key issues in the peopling of South America: the extinction of the megafauna and its causes, early human presence, and the existence of archaeological discontinuities during the Mid-Holocene. In this paper we present the first body of paleoecological and archaeological data for Cueva Huenul 1 site, recently excavated, which offers a sedimentary sequence extending during the last of 16.000 calendar years. Initially, we present a chrono-stratigraphic frame for the site, including new tephro-chronological information. On this basis, four temporal components are defined, providing the historical scheme for the analysis of the recovered evidences that include: archaeofaunas (paleontological and archaeological), archaeobotany, lithic and ceramic technology, and rockart. These results at a site scale provide a first approach to a discussion of macro-regional processes, as well as the basis for the continuation of our research.

Palabras clave : Neuquén; extinct fauna; early human peopling; chronology; temporal tendencies.

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