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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

URBINA C, María Ximena. Suspicion of English at the southern end of Chile, 1669-1683: Imperial and local attitudes as a result of John Narborough´s expedition. Magallania [online]. 2016, vol.44, n.1, pp.15-40. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442016000100002.

Using documents mainly from the Archivo Nacional de Santiago, Chile, and the Archivo General de Indias, Seville, to analyze the impact of the expedition of John Narborough to Chile in 1670, this article aims to contribute to the understanding of the process by which, during the colonial period, the British presence in the South Pacific coast, or the threat of it, generated different types of geopolitical reactions. First in a local level (those from the governor of Valdivia and Chiloe), then in a regional level (the governor of Chile and the viceroy of Peru) and finally in an imperial level (the reactions of the court in Madrid and Spain's ambassador in London). It is important to analyze this documents as a whole, as the attitudes that generated external warnings (advertibles in the opinions in the letters between authorities) and the reactions to them (visible in empirical facts in the documentation), are an opportunity to learn about differentiated behaviors from the Spanish empire in its center and its periphery, which are, in turn, due to different interpretations of the facts or news, according to different interests. This is a geopolitical situation that occurred in a remote part of the Indians economic centers, allowing the historian to approach the different ways of representing and understanding the territories in the seventeenth century.

Keywords : John Narborough; Strait of Magellan; Chiloé; England.

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