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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

FERNANDEZ, Pablo Marcelo et al. Huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus, Molina 1782) exploitation in Patagonia during the holocene. Magallania [online]. 2016, vol.44, n.1, pp.187-209. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442016000100011.

This paper deals with hunter-gatherer's exploitation of huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus) in four Patagonian environmental contexts: Andean forest, forest-steppe ecotone, forest-marine coast ecotone and steppe. More specifically, we discuss the place this cervid played among other faunal species used by Patagonian hunter-gatherers, as well as, the ways it was exploited in each of these environmental units throughout the Holocene. A 73 archaeological sites database from Argentina and Chile, with 112 huemul bone records from different stratigraphic sequences was considered. The results show that resource structure at each environmental context conditioned the way huemul was exploited and, hence, the way these environments were used along the Holocene account for huemul exploitation along time.

Keywords : Hippocamelus bisulcus; zooarchaeology; hunter-gatherers; Patagonia; Holocene.

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