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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

LEONARDT, Sabrina. Temporal variability in the production of body ornaments in continental Patagonia: Analysis from poblacion Anticura site (Rio Negro Province, Argentina). Magallania [online]. 2016, vol.44, n.1, pp.229-247. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442016000100013.

This paper is a first step to evaluate the role played by body ornaments in the context of the increasing social interaction that characterized the last 2.000 years in Patagonia. The initial question was if these objects, between others, were another instance of the presence of communication codes regionally shared. In so doing, the characteristics of body ornaments record were evaluated for the different moments of the Holocene in continental Patagonia. The starting point was the analysis of the characteristics and temporal distribution of beads and pendants recovered in archaeological site Población Anticura (Río Negro province, Argentina). Those results were then compared with regional trends obtained from the information available in archaeological bibliography of continental Patagonia. The results show that body ornaments are present in archaeological record since Early and Middle Holocene, showing greater variability in relation to sets dated in Late Holocene contexts. For these last moments, mainly since the last 2.000 years, the predominance of beads and homogeneity in the manufacture are manifested in the prevalence of circular/sub-circular morphologies and in the selection of shell as the dominant raw material for ornaments production.

Keywords : body ornaments; continental Patagonia; Holocene; shell beads.

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