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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

CARACOTCHE, MARÍA SOLEDAD; MUNOZ, A. SEBASTIÁN; CANETE MASTRANGELO, DANIELA S.  and  LOBBIA, PATRICIA A.. YEGUA QUEMADA 3: A THE MIDDLE HOLOCENE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEPOSIT IN MONTE LEÓN NATIONAL PARK (PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA). Magallania [online]. 2017, vol.45, n.2, pp.165-180. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442017000200165.

This paper presents the results obtained in the archaeological site Yegua Quemada 3 (YQ 3), Monte León National Park, Argentina. It is a stratigraphic deposit located one meter and ten centimeters deep on a cliff of eight meters high above the present coastline and is dated in the middle Holocene. Resources exploited include large and small mammals, birds, fish, and invertebrates, and involve a variety of techniques that allowed the use of different static, mobile, terrestrial and marine resources. The lithic material is made on local and allochtonous raw materials, and confirms the early utilization in continental Patagonian Atlantic coast of green obsidian from the Otway sea and banded greenish-grey from Baguales. In short, the archaeological site YQ 3 provides new information about early human occupation between the south of the Santa Cruz river and cape Vírgenes and joins the cast of sites that allow discussion of ecological niche of human groups that inhabited the Patagonian Atlantic coast during middle Holocene.

Keywords : hunter-gatherers; coastal record; Southern Patagonia; Midle Holocene; neotropical archaeology.

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