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vol.45 issue2YEGUA QUEMADA 3: A THE MIDDLE HOLOCENE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEPOSIT IN MONTE LEÓN NATIONAL PARK (PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA)STATUS OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE CHACABUCO VALLEY. CENTRAL PATAGONIAN ANDES. XI REGION DE AISÉN, CHILE author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

PAUNERO, RAFAEL; DAVIS, CATALINA VALIZA; RINDEL, DIEGO  and  TESSONE, AUGUSTO. THE PLEISTOCENE FAUNA: ZOOARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE IN THE CENTRAL PLATEAU OF SANTA CRUZ, THE SITES OF LA MARÍA. Magallania [online]. 2017, vol.45, n.2, pp.181-198. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442017000200181.

We present archaeological evidence from the Central Plateau of Santa Cruz regarding the extinction of the Pleistocene fauna. The Pleistocene sites analyzed for this area are Cueva Tunel and Casa del Minero. They are located in La María archaeological locality. These sites show the contemporaneity between the first settlers of Patagonia and several extinct species: Hemiauchenia cf. paradoxa, Lama gracilis, Panthera onca mesembrina, Hippidion saldiasi, Megatherium americanum cf. and Arctotheirum sp. Present fauna such as Lama guanicoe, Rhea sp., Lycalopex griseus and Lycalopex sp. is also contemporary. All the information points to the fact that southern Patagonia had paleoenvironmental diversity, plurality of sites and different use patterns of wildlife during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. The use and consumption of the three species of camelids and the survival of Hippidion saldiasi in specific environments of the plateau is also highlighted. These issues are discussed taking into account available information relating to the early human occupation of the Southern Cone, as part of a growing methodological improvement that seeks to integrate different research avenues.

Keywords : extinction; pleistocene fauna; zooarchaeology; Patagonia.

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