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Magallania (Punta Arenas)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2244

Abstract

URBINA C., María Ximena. The belief in the city of the cesares from Chiloé at the time of the jesuit Nicolás Mascardi, 1666-1673. Magallania [online]. 2020, vol.48, n.1, pp.5-25. ISSN 0718-2244.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442020000100005.

The objective of this article is to shed new light on the belief in the city of the Césares, interpreting it not as a colonial legend, what historiography has done until now, but as a totally feasible reality for its contemporaries. We take the case of the Jesuit Mascardi, who looked for the Caesars leaving from Castro’s school, province of Chiloé, in 1670. Considering the documentation generated by him and by the contemporary authorities, and including two letters not yet contemplated, we move away from the classic interpretation of Mascardi as having credulous wit to look at him in the context of the Jesuit order, the authorities and neighbours of Chiloé, and the viceroy of Peru: who believed the discovery of lost city in Patagonia to be imminent.

Keywords : city of the Césares; Nicolás Mascardi; Strait of Magellan; jesuits; cultural history; Chiloé; Chile.

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