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Revista chilena de literatura

On-line version ISSN 0718-2295

Abstract

MARTINEZ, Luz Ángela. EL QUIEBRE EPISTEMOLÓGICO Y EL SURGIMIENTO DEL NUEVO SUJETO DE CONOCIMIENTO EN LA HISTORIA GENERAL Y NATURAL DE LAS INDIAS DE GONZALO FERNÁNDEZ DE OVIEDO . Rev. chil. lit. [online]. 2010, n.77, pp.235-256. ISSN 0718-2295.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22952010000200012.

The Conquest of the New World was at the basis of a highly significant change in the history of knowledge and it anticipated several processes which we will later see as important motivating factors in the scientific revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In this essay, we intend to demonstrate that these processes may already be observed in the writing of the Spanish chronicler Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo; its presence is to be closely related to the experience of American nature. The importance of the New World is thus seen as a major event in the conception of modern science.

Keywords : Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo; knowledge; Colonial Science; Conquest; epistemological change.

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