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vol.19 issue2La arquitectura de la revolución vitivinícola, Mendoza, Argentina (1885- 1910) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Universum (Talca)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2376

Abstract

DEL POZO, José. Los empresarios del vino en chile y su aporte a la transformación de la agricultura, de 1870 a 1930. Universum [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.2, pp.12-27. ISSN 0718-2376.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762004000200002.

This article studies the case of the main vineyards owners in central Chile from 1870 to 1930. First, it analyzes why these entrepreneurs invested in the wine business, since almost all of them had made their fortune in activities outside agriculture. Secondly, it deals with the distinction between producers, all of them Chileans, and distributors, mainly immigrants from Catalonia. Finally, it discusses whether these entrepreneurs brought some degree of "modernization" in the agriculture of those years. The author thinks that if it is true that there was an important technological change in the wineries founded by those businessmen, on the other side these same owners did not change the traditional system of production, keeping the rural workers in a system which was not always based on salary. Besides, they opposed to the implementation of the social laws in the countryside and they did not use a more efficient system of administration, since the wineries remained a family business.

Keywords : Entrepreneurs; Agriculture; Wine; Ethnicity; Modernization.

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