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Universum (Talca)

On-line version ISSN 0718-2376


LACOSTE, Pablo. La vid y el vino en América del Sur: el desplazamiento de los polos vitivinícolas (siglos XVI al XX). Universum [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.2, pp.62-93. ISSN 0718-2376.

This paper shows the viticulture clusters circulation in South America from XVI until XX Centuries. The first viticulture center was in Peru, who leaded wine production in XVI and XVII centuries. But earthquakes, pests, war and white fever (cotton) ended peruvian wine industry. Chile's Kingdom emerged as the main viticulture cluster in XVIII and XIX centuries; but after, the leadership turned to Mendoza (Argentina), the most important wine producer in XX Century. The paper also considers wine industry in other countries such as Paraguay (relevant at the beginning of XVII century) and Brasil, witch production, after a late beginning in 1830's, production improved until consolidate in the XX Century as the third most important wine producer in South America

Keywords : Viticulture history; Latin American economic history; Viticulture clusters.

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