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Universum (Talca)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376

Resumen

CUBILLOS MEZA, Adela. El Tratado de no Proliferación Nuclear: la vigencia de la norma en América Latina. Universum [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.1, pp.12-20. ISSN 0718-2376.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762005000100002.

ABSTRACT The position of Latin American countries within the framework of  the Non Nuclear Proliferation Treaty NPT is analyzed in this article. This treaty which entered into force in 1968, has been ratified by a significant number of countries. The  nuclear- weapon states, the United States and the former USSR gave origin to the  NPT in order to control  nuclear proliferation. This treaty has been subject to criticism since it discriminates between the countries  which have nuclear weapons and  the ones  that do not.  Thus, the former are allowed to manufacture atomic devices, but it has been forbidden for the latter. Even nuclear- weapon states such as France and China did not support the treaty immediately because they consider it as highly discriminatory. Countries that do not have nuclear weapons have criticized the NPT and did not joined immediately. Among these parties, we can mention three Latin American countries, Argentina, Brazil and Chile. The first two only signed the NPT when they were fully capable and autonomous in nuclear power. The Chilean position of not joining immediately depended upon the Argentinian and Brazilian decision.

Palabras clave : Nuclear energy; Non proliferation; Nuclear; weapon states; Non; Proliferation Treaty; Argentina; Brazil.

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