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Universum (Talca)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376

Resumen

CAMARGO BRITO, Ricardo  y  RIED SOTO, Nicolás. The invention of drug addict as subject to correct. The figure of drug addict in the Chilean pharmaceutical discursive production of the first half of the 20th century. Universum [online]. 2019, vol.34, n.1, pp.65-94. ISSN 0718-2376.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762019000100065.

This article explores the way in which the figure of the drug addict is constructed discursively in the academic-scientific production of the first half of the 20th century in Chile. Through a documentary analysis of the most important Chilean pharmacological journals of the time it is established that the drug addict did not exist in a problematic way until the diffusion of a fragmented pharmacological knowledge (scientific, police and political) shapes the subjectivity of those who consumed certain narcotics such as a public health problem to be corrected. The figure of the addict is thus better understood as "subject to correct", in the perspective of Foucault, and presents features of an abnormality built for the government of healthy populations, which then must end associated with the figure of the trafficker to maintain its normalizing potential. This confirms the production of a discourse of social correctness directly associated with the demands of the production of a productive life that prevailed in academic and political circles of the beginning of the century in our country.

Palabras clave : Drug addicts; pharmacology; biopolitics; abnormals; Foucault.

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