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Universum (Talca)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2376

Resumen

PARRA, David. Towards a new materialist criticism: Recent Argentinian realism and the Lacanian Real. Universum [online]. 2019, vol.34, n.1, pp.191-215. ISSN 0718-2376.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762019000100191.

This article proposes a materialistic approach to the genre of realism, based on Jacques Lacan's theory of language and its reworkings (Žižek 1989, Eyers 2011 and Kornbluh 2017). Its extended classification as "poststructuralist" will be discussed, taking as a central point the materialist character of the notion of the Real. Considering the predominant influence of poststructuralism in literary criticism, this theoretical distancing has relevant political, aesthetic and literary consequences that make possible a rescue of the realism from the antiquarian of literary genres. To exemplify, a corpus of three Argentine works of the last decades will be analyzed: Este-Oeste by Martín Rejtman, La villa by César Aira and Rabia by Sergio Bizzio.

Palabras clave : Literary realism; materialism; Lacanian psychoanalysis; the Real; Martín Rejtman; César Aira; Sergio Bizzio.

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