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Ciencia & trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 0718-2449


PANDO MORENO, Manuel; ARANDA BELTRAN, Carolina  y  LOPEZ PALOMAR, María del Refugio. Factorial Validity of the Maslach-Burnout Inventory-General Survey in eight countries of Latin America. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.52, pp.28-31. ISSN 0718-2449.

Objective: Nowadays it is clear that the syndrome of being burned at work is not necessarily restricted to professionals in the human services and the use of the MBI-HSS would be inappropriate for those workers whose essential job function is not in service to others persons. This is what led to the creation and use of the MBI-GS. In Latin America, there are numerous studies with MBI-HSS, although the use of the MBI-GS has not yet being spread, it is expected that in the short term it will do so, and it is therefore relevant to count with studies of instrumental validation in this domain. Material and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study, with a random sample unrepresentative of the Economically Active Population in 8 Latin American countries. 2470 workers with no one human service participated; they belonged to the sector of the formal economy, with at least one year of seniority. Results: The extracted factors do not coincided with the threefactor model of the scale, the items of emotional exhaustion and cynicism are grouped in the first factor, except the item 8, which belongs to cynicism and it appears in the third factor but with the lower factor load (0,362); in factor 2 the professional efficacy items are grouped correctly. The analysis of the exploratory factor showed that the instrument explains the 53,85% of the total variance with a Cronbach's Alpha of 0,75. Conclusions: It is recommended to do further analysis in the line of authors that ensure that the burnout syndrome consists only of two dimensions; and use the instrument as three scales in an independent way and do not use the total score MBI.

Palabras clave : Burnout; Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey; Occupational Health; Validation.

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