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Ciencia & trabajo

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2449


BRAVO CARRASCO, Valeria Paz  e  ESPINOZA BUSTOS, Jorge Rodrigo. ERGONOMIC RISK FACTORS IN HOSPITAL CARE IN CHILE. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.57, pp.150-153. ISSN 0718-2449.

The ergonomic risk factors in hospital care personnel in Chile corre spond to a current problem in which physical and mental risk factors are identified, gene rating shortcomings in the health status of work ers. For this reason, elements in the workplace are identified as bio logical, physical and chemical deficiencies, psychosocial and organi zational risk factors in the health care process.

This review seeks to identify risks in hospital activities, definitions of concepts pertinent to the subject, to identify studies that evaluate occupational hazards in the workplace, musculoskeletal conditions, work system and the associated mental load. For this reason, the seventh labor survey 2011 is analyzed, obtaining 18.6% in organiza tions with workers exposed to uncomfortable postures, 14.2% in repetitive movements, 23.7% with shift exposure and 10.7% with exposure to Noise in the physical environment.

Subsequently, a comparison of the shift system between the public and private sector is analyzed by surveying a sample of 44 employees of a private hospital and 43 workers of a public hospital, concluding that there is no significant risk in both. With respect to the mental load, an investigation of 782 workers is analyzed concluding the existence of levels of psychosocial stress in the health workers.

In conclusion, it is important to develop research and annual moni toring of the health status of the Chilean population in the hospital area, in order to identify poor variables and improve staff conditions.


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