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Ciencia & trabajo

versão On-line ISSN 0718-2449


DIAZ BERR, Ximena; MAURO CARDARELLI, Amalia; ANSOLEAGA MORENO, Elisa  e  TORO CIFUENTES, Juan Pablo. Gender violence at work in Chile. An ignored field of study. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.58, pp.42-48. ISSN 0718-2449.

This article presents results of the study "Organizational dimensions of violence at work in Chile considering occupational and gender inequalities" (Fondecyt Regular 2014. No. 1140060). It focused on three economic sectors: retail, banking and food processing. For each one, a non-probabilistic sample of three labor actors was selected: workers, managers and leaders, and union leaders.

A qualitative methodology based on in-depth interviews was applied. The results indicate that violence at work derives from labor relations characterized by a strong imbalance of power between executives and workers, and by the predominance of authoritarian supervision styles that seek to discipline the labor force. It is part of the concept of "oppressive work regime".

Gender violence at work expresses the articulation of two forms of oppression against women: their low formal power in organizations and their low social power derived from gender relations that subor dinate and discriminate against them. It manifests itself in greater exposure to ill-treatment associated with occupations of lower status and precarious employment conditions, "macho" attitudes and behav iors, sexual harassment and discrimination associated with motherhood.


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