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Ciencia & trabajo

On-line version ISSN 0718-2449

Abstract

CARABALLO-ARIAS, Yohama; GONZALEZ-DOS SANTOS, Daniel; PORTA-GONZALEZ, Leonel  and  POZZOBON-GIL, Sabrina. BACHAQUEROS. A VENEZUELAN BLACK MARKET JOB. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2017, vol.19, n.60, pp.151-156. ISSN 0718-2449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492017000300151.

35.

In Venezuela, within the informal sector, a new labor phenomenon is categorized as a socioeconomic practice of illegal characteristics that goes against the “Ley de Precios Justos” (Fair Prices Law), called "bachaqueo". This activity is characterized by the resale of basic products at prices that exceed up to 100 times, or more, their official value.

36. 37.

This research carried out a review of news and scientific literature related to the phenomenon of "bachaqueo", the black market and the informal economy.

38. 39.

The "bachaqueo", by enabling self-employment, is difficult to elimi nate due to the incentives created by rapid incomes, time flexibility and tax evasion. People who carry out these activities constitute a population susceptible to suffer occupational diseases due to the multiple risk factors to which they are exposed, in addition to their exclusion from the Social Security System and the lack of access to services of Occupational Security and Health.

40. 41.

Based on previous experiences, added to increased scarcity of regu lated products in the Venezuelan market, we estimate that the strength of this fenomenon called “bachaqueo” might tend to decrease.

Keywords : INFORMAL SECTOR; OCCUPATIONAL RISKS; OCCUPA TIONAL DISEASES; WORKING CONDITIONS; VENEZUELA.

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