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Ciencia & trabajo

On-line version ISSN 0718-2449


HERNANDEZ MORENO, María Angélica; ALVEAR ALMENDRAS, María; MORALES ILLANES, Gladys  and  BARRIGA MIRANDA, Marlela. Social representations and perceptions on malnutrition by exceess on retail chilean workers. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.61, pp.19-26. ISSN 0718-2449.

74.2% of Chilean adults have malnutrition by excess (MNE), consti tuting a public health problem; therefore an exploratory study is presented, cross section, using a semi structured survey and Stunkard scale; and descriptive and interpretative, developing cate gories of perception on body image and alimentary culture, through focus groups and interviews. Its objective is to understand percep tions and social representations regarding to malnutrition by excess of retail workers, Temuco, Chile. Intended sample, considered 80 workers of two companies of a universe of 380, fulfilling inclusion criteria; data analisys using Spearman coefficient and Atlas Ti. Results: 83.3% and 92.3% of women and men with obesity cor rectly self-perceived (P<0.05), “we are all a little overweigh”; over weight workers normalized their status. Desire slim image in women (47.1%) and men (60.9%) without significant differences between each other. The costumes help of denial of the MNE. Lack of time, fatigue and comfort influence alimentation. 54.1% of workers did not complete a daily portion of dairy product, fruits and vegetables. 81.1% of workers eat at work, want a casino with balanced diet. They advocate approaches for managing self-perception to public health system. In the workplace, encourage healthy habits for workers.

Keywords : perception; social representation; body image; hypertrutrition.

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