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Ciencia & trabajo

On-line version ISSN 0718-2449

Abstract

BRAVO CARRASCO, Valeria Paz. Ergonomic study in the delivery room unit of the regional hospital of talca. Cienc Trab. [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.61, pp.48-55. ISSN 0718-2449.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-24492018000100048.

The present study was oriented to analyze the Unit of Labor/Delivery Room, which is part of one of the six areas that make up the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of the Regional Hospital of Talca. The position is mainly based on the systemic development of entry, exit of staff and their stay in the development of the activity, due to the labor require ment that this presents in terms of physical, psychological and orga nizational demands within the work area.

As an emergency unit, it is characterized by presenting the greatest complexity within the service, due to the fact that there are cases of high risk of patients and, on the other hand, situations programmed in the case of elective cesareans and labor induction.

The data collected made possible to find factors of work times and activities, physical (physical load, postural overload) and mental (men tal load and psychosocial factors). These factors were evaluated by a checklist, description of activities, percentage of cardiovascular load, evaluation of work furniture and anthropometric measurements, RULA, Pittsburgt questionnaire (quality of sleep) and the application of the psychosocial risk survey SUSEO-ISTAS twenty-one.

It is concluded that, as the percentage of patients entering the service in programmed and urgent situations increases, it becomes difficult for them to attend to the units due to the lack of available beds, com plication in their transfer and stay in them. Therefore, solutions that reduce the workload and improve the work environment are recom mended.

Keywords : posture; patient care; work stress.

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