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Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3305

Resumen

PALENCIA DIAZ, Argemiro; JIMENEZ PAJARO, Giovanni  y  UTRIA SALAS, Khriscia. Computational model of Savonius turbine. Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. [online]. 2015, vol.23, n.3, pp.406-412. ISSN 0718-3305.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33052015000300009.

Although vertical axis turbines have long existed, it was not until the beginning of the twentieth century when the Darrieus (1921) and Savonius rotors (1924) appeared; the two most used models nowadays. Savonius rotor was invented by the Finnish engineer Sigurd J Savonius with two half cylinders basic design that rotate around an axis. In this research, four different models of Savonius rotor blades are analyzed, as well as the traditional rotor. The principal aim of this research is to find the best Power Coefficient (Cp) and the best torque coefficient (Cm) for different models. In order to achieve the objective, a CFD computational model was used, with 3D simulations in transient regime. A computational domain was defined as a function of the minimal longitude in the system, and meshing is performed after a mesh size independency analysis. The results show that helical Savonius rotor performs the best in the analyzed operation conditions and improves in ~20% above the other configurations. In addition, 3-blade rotor presents the lowest performance of all the models with a power coefficient Cp of 0.073.

Palabras clave : Savonius; eolic energy; vertical turbine; numerical study; CFD.

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