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Política criminal

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3399


DUCE J, Mauricio. Eyewitness identifications: an empirical approach to their operation and some recommendations for their improvement. Polít. crim. [online]. 2017, vol.12, n.23, pp.291-379. ISSN 0718-3399.

The objective of this work is to offer an exploratory empirically based image about practices regarding eyewitness identification evidence in the Chilean criminal procedure (with focus on the Metropolitan Region), considering as a background the incidence of this evidence in the production of miscarriages of justice by wrong decisions from prosecutors and judges. The paper contains a detailed description about how eyewitness procedures are handled as well of the practices related to its use in the judicial system, identifying serious problems and proposing recommendations to improve the system. The research is based on a qualitative and exploratory empirical method based in two main sources. The first one is based on semi-structured interviews made to 51 actors of the criminal justice system in the Metropolitan Region. The second, in the analysis of cases of miscarriages of justice taken from the data base of Habeas Corpus decided during years 2007-2015 by the Supreme Court and the data base of the Innocents Project from the Public Defender’s Office.

Palabras clave : Key words; Eyewitness identification; wrongful convictions; criminal justice system.

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