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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

DE MENEZES SILVA, Paulo Eduardo et al. Treatments to break dormancy in Sesbania virgata (Cav.) Pers seeds. Idesia [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp.39-45. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292011000200005.

ABSTRACT Forest species with hard seeds often pose considerable problems to nursery managers because their hard and impermeable seed coats hinder and delay germination. Therefore, this work aimed to determine the most efficient, practical and low cost methodology to overcome dormancy in Sesbania virgata (Cav.) Pers. Seed, a specie with potential for recovery of degraded areas. The seeds were submitted to chemical scarification by immersion in sulphuric acid during a period of 5, 10, 20 and 30 minutes, mechanical scarification and heat treatment. After the scarification the seeds were submitted to germ test in germination chambers at 25 ºC and photoperiod of 14 h. Treatment with mechanical scarification showed the highest germination percentage (98%), followed by chemical scarification for 30 minutes (57%). The heat treatment in spite of obtaining a higher germination percentage than the controls had abnormal development of seedlings and is not therefore recommended for seeds of S. virgata. From the parameters utilized in this study, we recommend the use of the mechanical scarification to overcome dormancy of S. virgata seeds.

Palabras clave : Sesbania virgata; dormancy; seed germination..

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