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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

ARANEDA DURAN, Ximena; LEICHTLE CIFUENTES, Yerko  y  MORALES ULLOA, Daniza. Evaluation of two frequency of collection of apitoxin  extracted of hives of Apis mellifera L. time during the summertime in the Region of the Araucania. Idesia [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp.145-150. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292011000200019.

ABSTRACT The experiment was carried out from 7 January to 9 March 2006 in the Apiary of the Pillanlelbún Experimental Centre of the Catholic University of Temuco, located 15 km north of Temuco, Araucania Region, Chile. Here the production of apitoxin extracted from the hives of bees (Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) was evaluated. The experiment was carried out using apitoxin extractors of a Canadian type which function by electro-stimulation. Three hives were used for each treatment and different extraction frequencies were evaluated: every 20 days (T1) and every 30 days (T2). The variables analysed were: effect on the weight of the colonies, bee mortality and quantity of apitoxin extracted. No significant differences were found between the variables studied (weight colonies p = 0.127, bee mortality p = 0.827, and amount of bee venom p = 0.507) and it was therefore concluded that its is recommended to carry out extractions every 30 days rather than every 20 days, since it is preferable to do this operation at longer time intervals in order to reduce operation costs and disturbance of the bees.

Palabras clave : Venom; extractors.

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