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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

PONCE LOPEZ, Ernesto. The Beet and Napoleon. Idesia [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.2, pp.151-156. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292011000200020.

ABSTRACT This story is intended to meet the development of beet sugar production and its predecessor, the cane sugar, with the consequences generated: historical, social, cultural, economic and geo-political. For centuries, sugar of cane was the source of production of the sweetener best known of the history. The loss of Haiti in 1803, its main colony supplier of this product, obliges Napoleon to offer a great prize for those who provide a solution to the serious problem: sugar supply of occupied Europe and his conquering troops. Who proposed the best solution was the businessman Benjamin Delessert, who developed the sugar beet production, was awarded the Legion of Honor and later Bonaparte appointed him Baron of the Empire. The economic consequences were soon appeared: Germany and other countries followed suit, dependence was lower from tropical producers because beet crops is of great performance, also are possible in temperate climates. International sugar business was linked with the Industrial Revolution. There were generated conflicts, wars and invasions for market dominance. Currently the beet and other plants, are a hope in the manufacture of bio-fuels for a world that needs them.

Palabras clave : Beet; sugar.

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