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Idesia (Arica)

On-line version ISSN 0718-3429


SEVERE, Rolord  and  VERA O, María Beatriz. Characterization of peasant family farming, Cayes-Jacmel Commune, Haiti. Idesia [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.3, pp.65-74. ISSN 0718-3429.

Small-scale agriculture is a topic that has drawn the attention of many State agencies, local, regional and international during the last few years, due to their importance in the food production and poverty reduction in rural communities of the world. In this context, the present investigation had as its objective to characterize socio-economically and productively to the small-scale agriculture in the communal section of Cap Rouge (Cayes-Jacmel). The methodology used, it connected with a study case, collecting information through a static and semi-open survey applied to 36 small farmers and an interview applied to the key experts (the leaders of community-based organization, the representatives of the agroecology training center, the NGOs'professionals and representatives of the State). The results allow highlighting an average age of 49 years for small farmers in the section, with a low participation of women as farmers. More than half of them are incorporated by family tradition. In relation to the economic aspects, the activity in more carrier item is the livestock with hens and pigs of 37.9% and 33.47% respectively and the 27.78 per cent of small farmers exceeds the 50,000 gourdes per year (equivalent to $1200 US). In addition, the productive aspects indicate that 80.56% of the farmers are landowners whose average is less than one hectare.

Keywords : characterization socioeconomic and productive; small-scale agriculture.

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