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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429

Resumen

BARRIENTOS, Ermindo; CAREVIC, Felipe  y  DELATORRE, José. The sustainability of the southern highlands of Bolivia and its relationship with the expansion of quinoa growing areas. Idesia [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.2, pp.7-15.  Epub 13-Mayo-2017. ISSN 0718-3429.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-34292017005000025.

This review describes the natural region of Bolivia's intersalar at environmentally and productively levels, with emphasis on changes in production systems accentuated over the last two decades. It is argued that the change in the production system and the irrational extension of the quinoa surface area in the southern highlands of Bolivia (intersalar) have a negative effect on the sustainability and sustainability of the quinoa-camelid complex. Special mention is made of the changes in the quinoa productive systems and the environmental situation of the southern highlands of Bolivia, describing the expansion of quinoa growing areas and their immediate effects on plant cover. Wind erosion and loss of fertility and productive capacity of soils are aspects that are described based on available information. As mitigation alternatives and possible solutions to the increasing desertification of the southern high plateau of Bolivia, we conclude that agroforestry systems and crop rotations based on native vegetation are the most viable alternatives to improve the current agro-productive systems of the Bolivian highlands.

Palabras clave : productive systems; Quinoa sustainability; soil degradability; biointensive production; living barriers.

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