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Idesia (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-3429


DINIZ BUSO, Wilian Henrique; LOPES GOMES, Leandro; BALLESTA, Paulina  y  MORA, Freddy. A phenotypic comparison of yield and related traits in elite commercial corn hybrids resistant to pests. Idesia [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.2, pp.45-50. ISSN 0718-3429.

The development of commercial maize hybrids tolerant to herbicide and resistant to lepidopterans has allowed an important ex pansion of this crop in Brazil. The objective of this study was to field-evaluate the performance of eleven maize hybrids at three different growing locations in Brazil to find adapted and stable hybrids. The fields were desiccated using glyphosate (3 L ha-1) seven days before seeding. Each trial was arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications per location. In the joint analysis of eight agronomic traits, the error variances were considered heterogeneous among locations. The eleven hybrids presented significant differences in all traits. The hybrid DKB340PRO2 had the highest grain yield, which could be a recommended hybrid to local farmers. In addition, the hybrid x location interaction was not statistically significant (p > 0.05), indicating stability of all the studied hybrids. Significant differences existed among the corn hybrids for eight agronomic traits, supporting our research hypothesis.

Palabras clave : Grain yield; mixed model; thousand kernel weight; Zea mays.

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