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vol.23 número41MEDICIÓN DE LA PÉRDIDA DE ACCESO A LA TIERRA Y SU IMPACTO EN EL APEGO AL LUGAR. EL CASO DE LA HISTÓRICA COMUNIDAD MINERA DE PUCHOCO, CHILELA MOVILIDAD DE FAMILIAS BOLIVIANAS EN LA VILLA 20 (CABA, ARGENTINA). PROBLEMATIZANDO LA NOCIÓN DE PLURILOCALIDAD índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Urbano (Concepción)

versão impressa ISSN 0717-3997versão On-line ISSN 0718-3607

Resumo

JAQUE CASTILLO, Edilia; ASTUDILLO REYES, Leticia; ESPINOZA, Solange  e  CHRISTIAN BRAUN, Andreas. EVALUATION OF SOCIAL VULNERABILITY AFTER THE 2010 TSUNAMI AT TUMBES COVE - CHILE THROUGH THE “PRESSURE AND RELEASE” MODEL. Urbano (Concepc.) [online]. 2020, vol.23, n.41, pp.130-151. ISSN 0717-3997.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22320/07183607.2020.23.41.07.

The 2010 tsunami in Chile exposed the absence of socio-natural disaster risk management at national and local levels. This article investigates the role of the government’s post-tsunami reconstruction process, as the articulating body for the most vulnerable communities. In particular, Tumbes cove, in the Biobío region, was studied, where vulnerability factors were identified in the face of tsunami flooding through closed surveys and interviews with key players, as well as organizing the information in matrices to identify perception after the reconstruction process. Vulnerability maps were generated using the “pressure and release” model of Wisner et al. (2006). Through five processes, it was observed that the macro-social levels would affect the micro social levels in their daily lives, in the management of socio-natural disasters, which would have an impact on the increase in vulnerability. We argue that the town of Tumbes is a case of a socio-economically and educationally vulnerable community, where the reconstruction process weakened community organizations due to the lack of knowledge of local leaders, thus contributing to the construction of greater vulnerabilities.

Palavras-chave : Vulnerability; Social Construction of Risk; Disasters; Tsunami; Reconstruction.

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