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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

BANCALARI S, Carla  and  OLIVA M, Patricio. Biological Risk of Caries in Children between 12-17 Years with Down Syndrome of Cavime, Concepción, Year 2010. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2012, vol.6, n.2, pp.221-224. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2012000200016.

The aim of this research was to determine the biological risk cariogenic in subjects with Down syndrome. A sample of 8 individuals between 12 and 17. Clinical examination was performed on each subject, which evaluated different factors of caries in the oral cavity, in addition to laboratory tests for characteristicsof saliva and dietary surveys to parents. Among the factors discussed in the oral cavity, we find, diastema, history of caries, among others. In laboratory tests a count was determined of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus, pH and buffer capacity. Counts of both bacteria, the initial pH and buffer capacity, corresponded to a low cariogenic level. After analyzing all the factors to be evaluated it was concluded that children with Down syndrome studied have a low cariogenic biological risk.

Keywords : Down syndrome; biological risk; cariogenic; children.

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