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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

GARAY, Ivonne  and  OLATE, Sergio. Currrent Considerations in the Study of Image of Soft Tissue Calcification in Mandibular Angle Area. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2013, vol.7, n.3, pp.455-464. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2013000300019.

Soft tissue calcifications in the maxillofacial region are rare, however, may represent radiographic findings in routine dental radiographs such as panoramic radiographs and lateral cephalometric radiographs. These calcifications are presented as radiopacities mainly in the mandibular angle, sometimes in dentist may have difficulty in their identification and diagnosis. Calcification can be dystrophic, idiopathic or metastatic, the latter being extremely rare in the oral region. Calcifications largely described in the literature are carotid artery calcifications, sialoliths calcification of lymph nodes, tonsil stones and phleboliths. The available literature, however, is limited in quantity and value of the evidence, most of the studies found correspond to case reports. The following literature review aims to collect scientific information regarding idiopathic dystrophic calcifications and calcifications observed in mandibular angle, addressing clinical and imaging aspects.

Keywords : calcinosis; panoramic radiograph; calcification.

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