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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X


FUENTES, Fernando; CURIQUEO, Pamela; RIVERA, César  and  ROA, Ignacio. Dental Local Anesthesia and its Influence on Dental Developmental Abnormalities: Systematic Review of the Literature. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2015, vol.9, n.2, pp.185-190. ISSN 0718-381X.

The dental local anesthesia is a routine procedure in pediatric dental practice that, as other events could generate abnormalities in dental development, considering the susceptibility of developing tooth germs. From the foregoing it necessary to determine the existence of association between disorders of tooth development and use of anesthetic techniques. A descriptive study based on systematic literature review in databases: Scopus, MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, ProQuest Central, Korean Journal Database and SciELO data was designed, using the following combination of MeSH terms ("odontoblasts" OR "ameloblasts" OR "odontogenesis" OR "amelogenesis" OR "dentinogenesis" OR "odontodysplasia" OR "dental enamel hypoplasia" OR "dental sac" OR "dental papilla" OR "enamel organ") AND ("anesthesia" OR "local anesthesia "OR" nerve block "OR" dental anesthesia"). A total of 96 articles, were included for review a total of 5 articles related to the objectives of this review, excluding the matches. The present evidence in the literature is contradictory. There are many differences between the studies analyzed, which could be due to the anesthetic techniques involved, type of anesthetic, other possible causative agents (syndromes) or dental treatment are not included. It can not be determined a relationship between these two aspects.

Keywords : dental anesthesia; dental development; abnormalities.

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