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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

ORNELAS-PONCE, Adriana; AMEZCUA-ROMERO, Julio; ACOSTA-TORRES, Laura S  y  GARCIA-CONTRERAS, Rene. Effects of TiO2 NPs Coating-Titanium for Fibroblast Adhesion. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2016, vol.10, n.2, pp.237-242. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2016000200008.

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of coating nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2 NPs) and irradiation -UV on plates of titanium (Ti) for the adhesion and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). A total of 15 Ti plates were divided into three groups (n = 5); (i) control Ti, (ii) experimental: Ti+TiO2 NPs, (iii) experimental: Ti+TiO2 NPs+UV. The plates were analyzed with atomic force microscopy (AFM) and the roughness (Ra and Rmax) was determined. UV irradiation was performed for 20 min. HGF were subcultured in DMEM+10 % fetal bovine serum (FBS) at 37 °C with 5 % CO2. 2x106 cells/mL were inoculated on the plates and incubated for 1 h and washed with phosphate buffer saline (PBS). In the case of cell proliferation, cells were incubated for further 24 h more. Cell viability was determined with the MTT method, the formazan was dissolved with dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and analyzed at 540 nm. Experiments were performed of three independent experiments and data were analyzed by Kruskall-Wallis and multiple comparison of Mann-Whitney test. The surface topography of samples corresponded as follow: Ti (Ra= 0,492 µm y Rms= 0.640 µm), Ti+NPs TiO2, (Ra= 0.55 µm y Rms= 0.714 µm), respectively. The coating with TiO2 NPs significantly (p <0.05) increased the adhesion and proliferation of HGF compared with the group. The modification of Ti plates by coated with TiO2 NPs significantly increased adhesion and proliferation of HGF with the formation of a hydrophilic surface which favors the humectancy. This treatment may be reported here convenient to accelerate osseointegration of dental implants based titanium.

Palabras clave : titanium; TiO2 nanoparticles; UV irradiation; cell adhesion; human gingival fibroblast.

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