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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

GARCIA-CALDERON, Alma Graciela et al. Peri-Implantitis: Literature Review. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2016, vol.10, n.2, pp.255-260. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2016000200011.

The use of implants has taken a giant leap in recent years, however, greater demand has also resulted in an increase in the failure of these procedures. There are multiple reasons involved such as; deficiencies in the amount and quality of bone, preexisting bone disease, poor surgical technique, improper implant, tobacco habit, among others. The peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis are the main causes of complications in implants, patients with chronic degenerative diseases, smokers and patients with poor oral hygiene are considered risk patients to present peri-implantitis. The literature provides surgical and nonsurgical treatments which are focused on the elimination of microorganisms and the disinfection of the implant surface; surgical treatment as debridement and curettage are designed to remove plaque, disinfect the implant surface and remove damaged tissue caused by the inflammatory process, the performance of an adequate medical history and prior assessment will identify patients with greater or lesser risk of developing peri-implantitis, maintenance appointments help in the early detection of possible complications.

Palabras clave : peri-implantitis; peri-implant mucositis; periodontal disease.

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