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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X


PASTORE, Gabriel Pires et al. Surgical Management of Mandibular Ameloblastoma and Immediate Reconstruction with Nonvascularized Bone Graft and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2016, vol.10, n.3, pp.409-417. ISSN 0718-381X.

Extensive resection of tumor often results in bone and soft tissue defects that cause functional and esthetic consequences. The reconstructive surgery is extremely important for the rehabilitation of these patients. The purpose of this study is to report on the use of Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy (HBO) in the case of a large ameloblastoma treated with segmental resection and reconstructed immediately with nonvascularized bone graft (NVBGs) from iliac crest. A 41-year-old woman was referred to our department because of paresthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve and history of swelling in the molar and ramus region of the left mandible. Panoramic radiograph depicting well-defined multilocular radiolucency extending from second pre-molar region to the left ramus region. An incisional biopsy confirms the diagnosis of solid ameloblastoma. The treatment of choice was segmental mandibular resection and immediate mandibular reconstruction using NVBGs from iliac crest, followed by removal of internal fixation and placement of dental implants with immediate loading. The patient received preoperative HBO (a 90-min session at 2.2-2.4 atmospheres, five times per week for two weeks, for a total of up to 10 sessions). Postoperative HBO (10 further 90-min sessions) was administered within 2weeks. The patient received rehabilitation with a mandibular implant-supported fixed complete dental prosthesis. The present study showed successful management of mandibular ameloblastoma that associated extensive surgery, immediate reconstruction with NVBGs from iliac crest, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and dental implants. These combined procedures allowed removal of lesion and reestablishment of mandibular contour and function.

Keywords : bone transplantation; hyperbaric oxygenation; mandible; odontogenic tumors.

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