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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

CARDOZO, Ricardo et al. Study of the Relationships between Bur Diameter and Dental Implant Diameter. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.1, pp.113-117. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000100018.

The bur used to construct the bed where a dental implant is installed is extremely important to treatment success. The aim of this investigation was to analyze the relationship between bur diameter and implant diameter in different areas. A descriptive study was designed to analyze 5 commercial brands currently on the market. The manufacturer's instructions were followed to establish the size and type of bur indicated for the study implants, which were regular, with a width between 3.5 mm and 4.0 mm and a length from 12 mm to 13 mm. Drilling from the most apical region, the first measurement of width was established 3 mm cervically, the lower middle measurement 6 mm cervically, the upper middle measurement at 9 mm and the cervical measurement at 12 mm. A scanning electron microscope was used standardized for all measurements; the data were analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilk test and the t-test, having considering a value of p<0.05 for significant differences. At apical level, all the implants were wider than the bur. The greatest differences between bur width and implant were observed at cervical level, maintaining a relation where the implant was always wider. In medium-sized areas, it was observed that in some systems the burs have a larger diameter than the study implants. A significant relation was established in the apical, upper middle and cervical areas. Bur morphology is related to implant morphology; no implant system is the same as another in terms of the implant-bur relation.

Keywords : Dental implant; bur; primary stability.

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