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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

GRACIA ABUTER, Benjamín et al. Frequency, Severity and Location of Acneiform Eruptions in Men and Women after Orthognathic Surgery: Longitudinal Descriptive Study. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.2, pp.217-223. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000200015.

Describe the frequency of acneiform eruptions and / or exacerbations of a previous acne after orthognathic surgery. The sample consisted of 57 patients (n = 57) of both genders, undergoing orthognathic surgery, who were evaluated with a follow-up of 2 postoperative months, at different stages of surgery; Preoperative (0-7 days), immediate postoperative (7-15 days) and mediate postoperative (30-40 days). The presence / absence, location, severity and diagnosis of acneiform eruptions were determined in all clinical controls. The frequency of acneiform eruptions corresponds to 52.6 % of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery, being higher in women compared to men in relation to the presence of acneiform eruptions and / or exacerbations of a previous acne after the intervention. The severity of acneiform eruptions is greater in the immediate postoperative period compared to the preoperative and mediate postoperative period. The most frequent location to be found in the facial region is in the frontal area, both in the preoperative (22.8 %) and in the immediate postoperative period (31.6 %). In the postoperative period, the most frequent is the genial area (39 %). The appearance of acneiform eruptions corresponds to steroidal acne. The frequency of acne post orthognathic surgery is high, being higher in women than in men. The severity of this acne is greater in the immediate postoperative period. The frontal region corresponds to the most frequent area of onset of acneiform eruptions in the immediate postoperative period and the genial area in the postoperative period. The diagnosis of these acneiform eruptions corresponds to a steroidal acne, so it is possible to suggest a possible treatment plan, in order to improve the postoperative of the patients and to avoid, as far as possible, future manifestations in new patients undergoing this type of surgery.

Palabras clave : Acne; Orthognathic surgery; Post-surgical stress.

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