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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

ARISTIZABAL HOYOS, Juan Alberto et al. Bruxism and Masseter and Temporal Muscle Activity Before and After Selective Grinding. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.3, pp.253-259. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000300253.

This research aimed at determining sleep bruxism events recorded by polysomnography and masseter and temporalis muscle activity recorded by surface electromyography before and after performing a selective grinding. This study comprised three stages: 1. Pre-test (A Clinical Evaluation, an assessment through semi-adjustable articulator, a polysomnography and an electromyography); 2. Selective grinding; 3. Post- test (polysomnography and an Electromyography). A convenience sample of 10 subjects, with premature contact points, was assessed in a dental clinic. Subjects between 21 and 23 years were assessed. All of them had premature contacts. Eight subjects presented subsequent interferences during lateral movements. Data did not meet the criteria of normality or homoscedasticity thus non-parametric Wilcoxon test was used to compare the means of variables before and after. An average of bruxism episodes increased in stages 1 and REM but there was not a significant statistical difference in the polisomnographic recording after selective grinding. In stages 2 and 3 of sleep 26 % and 54 % reductions were found respectively. In stage 3 the difference between events was statistically significant. The recording of electromyographic activity before and after selective grinding showed a decrease in amplitude, length and area of the masseter and temporalis muscles. The difference was statistically significant only for temporary muscles in the length values and the right temporal area. After selective grinding the number of bruxism episodes decreased during the sleep stages 2 and 3. The selective grinding showed a statistically significant reduction of action potentials recorded by the surface electromyography of temporal muscle.

Keywords : bruxism; polysomnography; electromyography; masseter muscle; temporal muscle.

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