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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

OVIEDO, C; YANEZ, M  and  PENNACCHIOTTI, V. Frequency of Oral Manifestation in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Chile. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.3, pp.267-271. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000300267.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an autoinflammatory chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract with a dysregulated immune response, being Crohn’s Disease (CD) and Ulcerative Colitis (UC) the two main conditions. In literature the extra intestinal manifestations associated with IBD have been well documented. However, in our country, there are no studies about the oral manifestations. Having this information, is fundamental in order to optimize resources involved in diagnosis and treatment in a multidisciplinary level. Descriptive observational cross-sectional study, with a non-probabilistic sample for convenience with patients diagnosed with IBD belonging to the “CD-UC Group”. In a period of four months the intraoral exam, diagnosis, and description of the lesions according location, type of illness, age, and sex were carried out. Thirty (30) patients (23 UC and 7 CD) filled the criteria of inclusion, 30 % men and 70 % women. 11 patients presented at least one oral lesion, being recurrent oral ulcer the most frequent, and two more specific lesions (macrocheilia and corrugated lesion). Of these patients, 37 % presented at least one oral lesion, being the most frequent one recurrent oral ulcer (ROU).

Keywords : oral manifestations; inflammatory bowel disease; Crohn’s disease; ulcerative colitis; recurrent oral ulcer..

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