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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

VELIZ, Andrea et al. Retrospective Study of Traumatic Dental Injuries of Patients Treated at a Dental Trauma Clinic in Santiago, Chile. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.4, pp.405-410. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000400405.

The aim of this study was to carry out a retrospective study of cases seen at the Child and Adult Dental Traumatology Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Chile, Santiago. A retrospective study was carried out analysing the records of patients seen at the Dental Traumatology Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Chile from January 2012 to March 2017. The inclusion criteria was that patient complaint was due to dental trauma. Data were tabulated indicating age and sex of the patient, cause, day, and tooth involved and the initial diagnosis of the dental trauma. Chi-square, Shapiro Wilk normality test and Mann-Whitney test were used for frequency analyses. A total of 117 dental records were analysed, 90 of these met the inclusion criteria. The age range of the sample was 5 to 60 years, and the average age was 14.3 years. Most injuries occurred in patients during the first and second decades of their life. Of the patients, 59.3 % were men and 40.7 % were women. The most frequent dental traumas were complicated and uncomplicated crown fractures, followed by root fractures. In the majority of the cases analysed, only one tooth was affected, and the tooth most frequently traumatized was the right upper central incisor, followed by the left upper central incisor. The most frequent dental trauma of the cases treated at the Child and Adult Dental Traumatology Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, between 2012 and 2017 were crown fractures.

Palabras clave : traumatic dental injury; retrospective study; tooth fractures; epidemiology.

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