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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

ADRIANO-ANAYA, María del Pilar; CAUDILLO-JOYA, Tomás  y  CAUDILLO-ADRIANO, Pilar Alejandra. Dental Caries its Association with Body Mass Index in a Young Adult Population. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.4, pp.437-442. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000400437.

The objective of this study is to determine the body mass index and its association with dental caries, in first-year students of the dental surgeon degree program for the 2016 school term, Zaragoza College for Higher Education, UNAM. This was a cross, descriptive and observational study, in a sample of 335 students. Low weight, overweight and obesity were measured through body mass index and interpreted with the official Mexican Norm NOM008-SSA3-2010, for integral treatment of overweight, obesity and dental caries. The measures were taken according to the epidemiologic indicator of decayed, lost and sealed teeth (dlst). We used statistical program SPSS version 17.0 for the information. In the studied population, 3.3 % presented low weight, with an average of dental caries of 6.3±5; 54 % presented normal weight with a DLST of 7.6±4.8; 31 % presented with overweight and an average of caries of 7.0±5.1; 9.3 % with obesity grade 1 and 7.3±3.6 tooth decay and lastly 2.4 % with obesity grade 2 and 5.2±4.1 with a history of dental caries. Of the students participating in this study, 31 % presented overweight, indicating a high risk of poor oral health. If preventive measures in their overall health are not implemented early on, these students are at risk of obesity and general health repercussions in the future.

Palabras clave : overweight; obesity; dental caries; BMI.

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