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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

MOYA, María Paz; MARQUARDT, Katherine  and  OLATE, Sergio. Characterization of the Masticatory Function in University Students. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.4, pp.495-499. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2017000400495.

Chewing is an orofacial function learned and relevant to the harmonic development of the stomatognathic system and craniofacial. Non-instrumental methods for the evaluation of chewing and registers of characterization of masticatory function in Chile are limited. The aim of this study is to characterize the masticatory function in young adults, specifically the most prevalent masticatory pattern, the mean masticatory cycles, as well as the mean masticatory time, using a solid food. Ninety-two subjects were evaluated, university students, with ages between 18 and 26 years, without distinction of sex, with complete permanent dentition or only absence of the third molar. The subjects evaluated showed a higher prevalence of alternate masticatory pattern (62%), 15.1 masticatory cycles and masticatory time of 11.9 s on mean. Our results can be considered as reference values for the clinical evaluation of mastication in Chile.

Keywords : Chewing; Masticatory Pattern; Students.

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