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International journal of odontostomatology

versión On-line ISSN 0718-381X

Resumen

ENRIQUEZ-NUNEZ, María Berenice et al. Determination of Postural Attitudes and their Evolution after Functional Orthopedic Approach. Descriptive Study. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2018, vol.12, n.1, pp.121-127. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2018000100121.

The objective of the study was to determine postural attitudes following the use of Functional orthotics (AOF) in pediatric patients with malocclusion. Descriptive, exploratory, longitudinal study, carried out in the Clinic of the Pediatric Dentistry Specialty (CLIO) of the UAO/ UAZ, during the period from January to September 2015. Patients with 6-12 years old of both sexes were included, through a non-probabilistic sampling at convenience. The presence or absence of postural balance was determined through photographs in anterior, posterior and lateral views (right / left) in three moments: prior to the installation of the AOF, 10 minutes after and after 10 weeks of use. The type of malocclusion according to Angle, the AOF used, and the number of parameters in disequilibrium in E0 and E2 were considered for the evaluation. The data collected were stored in the SPSS V-21 program and analyzed with the chi square and Wilcoxon tests, considering a value of p <0.05 as significant. In the study 10 patients were evaluated (mean age of 7.2 ± 0.99 years) and presented entirely abnormal postural attitudes in the sagittal and frontal planes. It was possible to determine a reduction of 60 and 80 % of imbalance in some of the parameters evaluated (shoulder symmetry and height at the tips of the fingers), and these changes were manifested in a subtle way since the installation of the AOF and increased in the E2. Myofunctional therapy on patients with Angle malocclusions I and II is accompanied by changes in the postural attitude that can be observed from the installation of the devices, and these changes remain during the period of use.

Palabras clave : postural attitude; malocclusion; functional orthopedic appliances..

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