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International journal of odontostomatology

On-line version ISSN 0718-381X

Abstract

NENEN, Ariel; COURDURIER, Constanza  and  ARCOS, Alexander. Dental Caries Risk in Children who Enter the Program Population in Control with Dental Risk Approach. Int. J. Odontostomat. [online]. 2019, vol.13, n.4, pp.437-441. ISSN 0718-381X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-381X2019000400437.

The aim of this study was to determine the dental caries risk in the child population between 7 and 34 months, users of a primary health care center in the city of Osorno, Chile, admitted to the Population in Control with Dental Risk Approach program during the year 2017. The risk was expressed at high or low. A descriptive observational study was carried out, taking a sample of 135 patients, with ages within the range under study, enrolled in the health center and entered in the program. The guidelines designed by the Ministry of Health and included in the Population in Control with Dental Risk Approach program were used, applying them in a session, along with the clinical examination to determine the level of risk of each individual. Subsequently, the data were subjected to descriptive statistics analysis. 59 % of the population between 7-34 months has a high dental caries risk. The group with the highest risk is 12-23 months of age with 70 %. Men have a 59 % high risk rate, and women 58 %. When analyzing each variable in detail, the "brushing before sleep" was the most frequently found at high risk, with 60 %, followed by the "moment of intake of sugary foods" and the "use of paste with fluoride", with 56 % and 53 %, respectively.

Keywords : dental caries; risk factors; child health; public health; dental care.

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