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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026


CODDOU C, EDUARDO. Management of iatrogenic bile duct injuries at a Chilean Regional Hospital . Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2006, vol.58, n.1, pp.12-19. ISSN 0718-4026.

Background: Biliary tract lesions occur in 0.3% of all cholecystectomies and are the most feared complications of this procedure. Aim: To report the experience in the management of iatrogenic biliary tract lesions. Material and Methods: Retrospective study of 16 patients with iatrogenic bile duct injuries treated at a Chilean Regional Hospital between 1981 and 2004. Results: Twelve injuries occurred in the same hospital and four were referred from elsewhere. Ten injuries occurred during open and six, during laparoscopic surgery. Eight injuries were detected during the operation. In three occasions an immediate primary ductal anastomosis was attempted, but the procedure failed in every case. Five cases were repaired with bilio-jejuno anastomosis, with a good outcome in all. Six of the eight patients whose lesion was detected in the postoperative period, were reconstructed with a bilio-jejuno anastomosis and one developed to postoperative stricture. One patient with a minor injury, was treated with suture of the choledochus and T tube placement. Other patient only required the extraction of titanium clips, as treatment. In eight of the 13 bilio-jejuno anastomoses, the Hutson Russell loop was used for the reconstruction. In 2 cases that developed a postoperative stricture, this loop was used for percutaneous endoscopic dilatation. The surgical management was successful in 81% of patients. One patient, who had a combined vascular and ductal injury, died. Conclusions: We recommend the use of Hutson Russell loop for biliary reconstruction, because it allowed us to perform an endoscopic dilatation in two cases, avoiding new surgical procedures

Palabras clave : Bile duct injuries; Roux-en-Y anastomosis; Hutson Russell loop.

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