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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

CSENDES J, Attila et al. Mortality associated with open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.6, pp.555-559. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262012000600009.

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is nowadays the standard surgical treatment for cholelithiasis. Aim: To determine surgical mortality of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as compared with the open procedure. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of all patients subjected to open or laparosco-pic surgery in a surgical service of a clinical hospital, in a period of 20 years. Results: The records of 26.441 patients were reviewed. The figures for overall, open and laparoscopic surgery mortality were 0.16, 0.39 and 0.07% respectively. Only two of the 43 deceased patients, died as a direct complication of the surgical procedure. In the rest, the causes of mortality were underlying severe medical conditions. Conclusions: La-paroscopic cholecystectomy has a very low mortality that depends mostly on underlying medical conditions and advanced age.

Palabras clave : Cholecystectomy; cholelithiasis; mortality.

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