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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

CABANE T, Patricio et al. Immunohistochemical detection of parafibromin in parathyroid pathology. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2013, vol.65, n.1, pp.20-24. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262013000100004.

Introduction: The definitive diagnosis of parathyroid cancer is extremely difficult, from the clinical approach to the molecular diagnosis. A gene mutation was detected recently in patients with parathyroid cancer. It is a suppressor tumor gene called HRPT2, which codifies for a protein that participates in PAF1 complex, the parafibromin. It has been observed that the expression of this protein it's altered in parathyroid cancer, what would serve like method of diagnosis by immunohystochemistry, with a sensitivity and specificity of 73-96% and 99-100%, respectively. Material and Method: The anti-parafibromin immunohysto-chemistry staining was made in 23 parathyroids tissue samples (5 adenomas, 6 hyperplasia, 7 normal and 5 carcinomas). Results: A positive pattern is observed in almost 100% of benign pathology and 100% in normal tissue. In the cases of carcinoma only 2 of 5 had a strong positivity. Conclusions: The pathological clinical correlation does not allow the association of the loss of parafibromin immunoreactivity in some unequivocal cases of parathyroid cancer. The parafibromin immunostaining does not allow to discriminate between benign or malign pathologies.

Palabras clave : Parafibromin; parathyroid cancer; HRPT2; immunohistochemistry.

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