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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

CASTILLO R, Richard et al. Surgical procedures performed by general surgery residents. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2015, vol.67, n.6, pp.614-621. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-40262015000600009.

Introduction: The national Society of Surgery has defined the minimum number of surgical procedures that must be performed by general surgeons in trainee, however, there is no national data reporting this accomplishment. The aim of this study is to report on detail the surgical interventions performed by General Surgery Residents at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile (PUC) as lead surgeons. Methods: Retrospective analysis of surgical procedures performed by 26 Residents of the General Surgery Program (GSP) at PUC who graduated between the years 2012 and 2014. A total of 10.102 registered surgeries were reviewed and summarized. Results: The mean number of interventions performed by surgery residents was 481 (20% of them on the first year). The most frequently performed procedures were (mean per resident) laparoscopic cholecystectomy (115;24%), open appendectomy (89;19%), classic hernioplasty (43;9%), laparoscopic appendectomy (34;7%) and open cholecystectomy (25;5%). Regarding complex/sub-specialty interventions, partial/ total colectomy (12;2%), thyroidectomy-parathyroidectomy (9;2%), vascular access (8;2%), thoracotomy-VATS-sternotomy (5;1%) and breast surgery (4;1%) were the most commonly performed. Fifty three percent of all procedures were done in an emergency setting. The proportion of emergency procedures increased through the GSP training (elective vs emergency: 62 vs 38% at first year and 34 vs 66% at third year, respectively; p < 0.002). Interventions were mainly performed in the capital city of Chile, Santiago (74%) and the remaining were done in other provinces. Regarding only abdominal interventions (mean per resident: 366), 42% was performed by laparoscopy. Conclusions: Residents of the PUC-GSP execute a considerable large amount of interventions as resident surgeons throughout their 3-years-training program, exceeding the minimum recommendations established by the national Society of Surgery.

Palabras clave : General surgery program; surgical procedures; general surgery; residency.

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